Your Favorite Spanish Grammar Guide

Too many language learners study about grammar, but they never discover the key patterns and miss out on the opportunities to learn Spanish fast. Grammar analysis takes words, phrases and sentences from your favorite reading and audio sources. With them you label and dig deeper into the structure of Spanish.

Parts of Speech Overview

In Spanish grammar, like English, there are eight parts of speech. Every word falls into one or more of these parts of speech categories. In a specific sentence, each word fits one label. In the list below, each part of speech links to a detailed explanation with translations of key terms, lists, charts, examples and learning tips, so you can avoid the pitfalls.

Continue on below for a great overview about Spanish grammar and how to use it as a learning tool for language skills practice.


Grab the lists of the most frequently used Spanish words for each part of speech. They’re a real time saver and make increasing your vocabulary easier than ever.


What is grammar?

Grammar is the structure of a language, broken down into parts:

  • sounds
  • words
  • phrases
  • sentences

These four are the building blocks of language. All together we use them to communicate with others in speech and print. And we need them to understand what we hear and read while learning another language.

Is Spanish grammar easy?

Overall grammar makes any language predictable. Learning Spanish grammar means through analysis you’re able to understand and express those predictable patterns. They are your tool to practice each of your Spanish skills. Combine the patterns with a growing passive and active vocabulary and you’ll accomplish all your language learning goals.

What is the best way to learn grammar? Analyze grammar…

An Easy-to-Use Grammar Analysis System

Your step-by-step study system to analyze words, phrases and sentences. This simple spreadsheet helps you label sentences and discover patterns to practice your Spanish language skills. Also, useful for tracking your progress and the grammar rules and exceptions you learn along the way. And so much more… Look inside… or buy now!

Even better, upgrade to the complete Ultimate Spanish Foundation Study System.

Or pull together your own way to analyze grammar.

Whether you make it easy or not, I’m here to help you understand grammar and the best ways to learn Spanish grammar.

Learn Grammar

What is grammar in Spanish?

The English word “grammar” is translated “gramática” in Spanish. Every language has their own grammar rules and exceptions. Some languages follow similar patterns, however there will always be differences that must be learned. Since this is the case, here are more grammar words you’ll need to learn about:

— gramática — grammar
— el idioma — language
— palabra — word
— la frase — phrase
— oración — sentence
— las reglas — the rules
— las excepciones — the exceptions

These are a few helpful words to know when talking about the grammar. Basically, from example sentences found in reading and listening sources, you can discover the patterns of words, phrases and sentences and practice using them.

What are the parts of speech in Spanish?

In short, every word in a sentence can be labeled with a part of speech. These are categories for different types of words grouped together by their purpose. The parts of speech in Spanish are as follows:

— las partes de la oración — parts of speech
— etiqueta — label
— sustantivo — noun
— pronombre — pronoun
— adjetivo — adjective
— verbo — verb
— adverbio — adverb
— preposición — preposition
— interjección — interjection

Each of these Spanish words are important for grammar analysis as you progress into intermediate and advanced Spanish levels. For beginners, a good start would be using either English or Spanish grammar words. Whichever ones make your learning time easier, use them in your study routine.

Spanish Grammar Rules

Naturally, we rely on explanations of grammar. We read them and form an idea about it, then forget what was learned quickly. This way of learning grammar is passive. Instead, an active approach is much more productive.

architectural photography of three pink blue and yellow buildings

What are the Spanish grammar rules?

In this case, we are talking about the mechanics rules of grammar. All together these rules are the basic parts of a sentence. Every sentence must have these:

Basic Spanish Grammar rules

  • Begins with a capital letter
  • Has a subject
  • Has a verb
  • Person, gender and number must agree between words
  • Ends with a punctuation mark
  • Correct spelling and accents
  • Must make sense

The best way to learn grammar is through analysis. There are a lot of books to learn Spanish grammar with explanations. Those are best used as reference to double check your accuracy. Grammar is best learned actively with real sentence examples from real books. After you have a good source for sentences, then invest in a grammar reference book.

Spanish Grammar reference Books

These reference books are helpful to be precise and correct in your grammar analysis. My favorite ones are out of print today. However there are modern editions that do an excellent job of explaining the grammar rules and exceptions. Here are some I recommend:

English Grammar for Students of Spanish: The Study Guide for Those Learning Spanish

This is cheating, honestly it’s the smartest way to start learning about grammar. Based on your knowledge of English, Spanish grammar concepts are explained. It is clear explanation of the similarities and differences between the languages.

Spanish to English Grammar

Is Spanish grammar easier than English?

Every English speaker struggles with their own grammar. In fact, most don’t even understand the concepts at all. So, really by doing grammar analysis in Spanish you’ll learn your native language grammar at the same time. The differences and similarities will jump out at you. At times, you’ll have aha moments about English too.

For this reason, knowing grammar is easier than not knowing grammar. On the other hand many people claim English vowels are harder than Spanish and Spanish verb conjugation is much more dense than English verbs. Both are true. In many aspects, each language has grammar concepts that are easier or harder.

Above all, what’s most important is learning the grammar rules and exceptions. That makes learning Spanish easy. The key is in the similarities and differences. More so, consistent skills practice makes the biggest progress.

Spanish Grammar Skills

How can I improve my grammar skills?

Basically, it’s the process of labeling the words in a sentence. From there, by asking key questions, you can uncover the connections between words and dig deeper into the functions of each word. Every word performs a special job and interacts with the other words in different ways. That’s the beauty of language.

Traditionally, grammar exercises present a concept and give you worksheets to practice. This is good, but not the best method. Instead, words, phrases and sentences from your reading and audio sources have excellent examples. You can dig into them and uncover grammar concepts as a result.

Word Bank Spreadsheet

Increase your passive and active vocabulary

For beginners, adding new words to your passive and active vocabulary includes labeling the part of speech. Also, digging into word definitions, synonyms, antonyms and examples from skills practice. All your vocabulary progress is trackable.

Grammar Bank Spreadsheet

analyze words phrases and sentences

Understanding the grammar patterns found in words, phrases and sentences are key to understanding others and expressing oneself. Also, it is a way of discovering grammar rules and exceptions. All your grammar progress is trackable.

spanish grammar bank spreadsheet analyze spanish grammar

This should get you started building a solid Spanish foundation for your skills practice. Before you know it, grammar analysis will help you understand what you hear and quickly be able to speak for yourself in Spanish.

Tips for Learning Spanish

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