What are the parts of speech in Spanish?

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What Are The Parts Of Speach In Spanish Feature

You’re going to learn about this important grammar concept today! Are you ready? Great!

What Are The Parts Of Speech In Spanish Visual

When I think of the parts of speech, it reminds me of the grocery store. You walk down the aisles grab a cart and push it down the aisles. Each item is categorized into groups based on their form and function. There is a section for food, pharmacy, office supplies, furniture, clothing, and more.

We categorize words in the same way based on their form and function. We call these categories the parts of speech.

There’s something important you need to know before we look at the parts of speech. Most words can function in more than one part of speech. I’ll show you what I mean. Look at the word bien in these sentences.

La comida salió bien. The food turned out good.

Here, bien is an adverb. It describes the verb.

El bien y el mal son opuestos. Good and evil are opposites.

Now, bien is a noun. It is the subject of the sentence.

The only way to tell what job a word is doing is to look at how it’s acting in a sentence.

Alright, let’s learn about the parts of speech.

In Spanish, the parts of speech are las partes de la oración. What are the parts of speech in Spanish? Las ocho partes de la oracion son el sustantivo, el adjectivo, el pronombre, el verbo, el adverbio, la preposición, la conjunción y la interjección.

Las Partes De La Oración

A great way to see the parts of speech is with tagging. Here is an example of color-coded tags where each word is tagged with the color of the part of speech.

¡Ojo! El hombre perdió todo porque era muy tonto en sus amistades.

Watch out! The man lost everything because he was foolish in his friendships.

I will show examples and tag them as we look at each part of speech.

But wait! Some people categorize words into eight parts of speech and others into nine parts of speech. Both are correct. Here, I categorize them into eight, but I will tell you about the extra category as well below.

A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea.

In Spanish a noun is el sustantivo. What is the definition of a noun in Spanish? Un sustantivo es una persona, un lugar, una cosa o un idea.

They are important because they do many jobs in a sentence (subjects, direct objects, object complements, and more).

Una garza caza en el agua.
A heron hunts in the water.

Mi madre cuida a su hermana porque es buena enfermera.
My mother takes care of her sister because she is a good nurse.

Most people have trouble with this part of speech because Spanish nouns have gender. When learning new words you need to know whether the noun is masculine or feminine.

They also show number. A noun can be singular (one) or plural (more than one).

Be careful not to get overwhelmed by this part of speech, since there are many different subcategories of nouns. We can categorize nouns into smaller groups.

Here are some subcategories of nouns: common nouns, proper nouns, collective nouns, and compound nouns.

Many categories have subcategories. If this is your first time learning about categories, ignore the subcategories for now and focus on the categories.

An adjective describes a noun or pronoun.

In Spanish adjective is el adjetivo. What is the definition of a noun in Spanish? Un adjetivo describe un sustantivo o pronombre.

Adjectives add details to language. Adjectives tell us what kind, how many, which, and whose.

La flor roja es hermosa.
The flower is beautiful.

Adjectives agree with nouns and pronouns in gender and number (known as gender number agreement).

el libro interesante, los libros interesantes
the interesting book, the interesting books

Libro is a singular noun. Interesante is a singular adjective. Libros is a plural noun. Interesantes is a plural adjective. The form of the adjective changes to match the gender and number of the noun.

Isn’t that a great way to see the difference using the color-coded tags?

The Nine Parts of Speech

Many people say articles are a subcategory of adjectives. They describe adjectives.

People who categorize words into nine parts of speech say articles are not a subcategory of adjectives and they make articles a category of their own. They still describe adjectives.

The articles identify the gender and number of the nouns. When you learn new words, it’s important to learn the definite article with a noun.

A pronoun replaces a noun to avoid repetition.

In Spanish a pronoun is el pronombre. What is the definition of a pronoun in Spanish? Un pronombre sustituye un sutantive para evitar la repetición.

Some people get confused with this part of speech because there are so many of these little words.

Here are a few subcategories of pronouns: personal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, possessive pronouns. object pronouns, reflexive pronouns, relative pronouns, and more.

A verb expresses action or a state of being.

In Spanish, verb is el verbo. What is the definition of a verb in Spanish? Un verbo expresa una acción o estado de ser.

amar, ser, vivir

Shakira baila con ritmo.
Shakira dances with rhythm.

La sombra es oscuro.
The shadow is dark.

Verbs are the nucleus of a sentence. In fact, a verb can make a complete sentence in Spanish because they change form to show the subject of the sentence. The subject can drop.

You can learn about action verbs, linking verbs, and helping verbs on the verb page here.

Verb tenses are described on that link.

An adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.

In Spanish, an adverb is el adverbio. What is the definition of a verb in Spanish? Un adverbio modifica un verbo, un adjectivo, o otro adverbio.

They add precision to description.

El joven corre furiosamente.
The teen runs furiously.

El batido es muy espeso.
The smoothie is very thick.

Prepositions relate a noun or pronoun to another word.

In Spanish, a preposition is la preposición. What is the definition of a preposition in Spanish? Una preposición relaciona un sustantivo o pronombre con otra palabra.

Let’s look at some examples of prepositions in action.

a, con, de, en, por, para

Voy a la piscina. La pelota es hecho de goma. Pasé por tu casa.
I’m going to the pool. The ball is made of rubber. I passed by your house.

See the list of the 22 prepositions. It’s a good idea to memorize them.

Conjunctions connect things.

In Spanish, a conjunction is la conjunción. What is the definition of a conjunction in Spanish? Una conjunción une cosas.

They can connect words, phrases, and sentences.

La limonada con fresas y pepino es refrescante.
Lemonade with strawberry and cucumber is refreshing.

The conjunction y connects the words fresas and pepino.

¿Quieres comer bien o picar algo ligero?
Do you want to eat well or snack light?

The conjunction o connects the phrases comer bien and picar algo ligero.

The two we just looked at (y and o) belong to a subcategory called coordinating conjunctions. There are others as well. The one we use most often is subordinating conjunctions. They are trickier because they create complex sentences.

Interjections show strong emotion.

In Spanish, an interjection is la interjección. What is the definition of an interjection in Spanish? Una interjección es una palabra o frase que muestra fuerte emoción.

¡Guau!
Wow!

Interjections are different from the other parts of speech. They stand alone and often have exclamation marks ¡Vale! Okay!

Summary

It’s time to see what we’ve learned today!

  • We categorize words into groups based on their function and features. These groups are called the parts of speech. In Spanish they are called las partes de la oración.
  • The eight parts of speech are noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.
  • In Spanish, las ocho partes de la oración son sustantivo, pronombre, verbo, adverbio, adjetivo, preposición, conjunción, y interjección.

Great job you’ve learned the eight parts of speech in Spanish!

Instant Conjugation Kit Ipad DeskIf you’d like to fast-track your way through verb conjugations, you need to check out our Instant Conjugation Kit!

It’ll save you time and wasted effort, and it will bring you well-earned confidence.

I hope you enjoyed the conjugation exercises!

This is original content from https://www.growspanish.com/what-are-the-parts-of-speech-in-spanish

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